Gardening Blog: Self Pollinating Dwarf Apple Trees
by, 02-01-2016 at 08:54 AM (121 Views)
If you only have a small area to grow trees in, consider growing the dwarf variety of the apple tree. Many of these trees are also self fertile.
Dwarf apple trees are fruit trees that are grafted from their standard sized counterpart. They are smaller in size but grow normal sized apples that are large, juicy and tart. These small trees can be found in the yard of home gardeners because they fit well in a garden and they can grow in containers. These dwarf apple trees can be grown far apart from each other, because they don't have to be cross-pollinated to grow fruit.
Often found in the USDA hardiness zones 5 to 8, the Braeburn apple tree is small in stature and it is also self fertile. This semi-dwarf tree is not as small as other dwarf species and it will grow to approximately 15-feet tall and 15-feet wide. During the month of May, the Braeburn dwarf apple tree will be covered in white blooms. The apples will grow large and they range in colors from green to red. Braeburn dwarf trees are usually found in the backyards of chefs. The apples are sweet, tart and spicy and are often used in baking. Braeburn apples are also easy to preserve and do not lose their tangy flavor.
The Jonafree dwarf apple tree was created from the Jonathan apple tree and has a lot to offer. It has large red fruit like the Jonathan that are red, green or slightly yellow. Unlike the Jonathan tree however, the Jonafree is very resistant to disease. The fruit is juicy, spicy and rich in flavor but it is less acidic than the full grown Jonathan apples. Jonafree dwarf trees are best when they are grown in the USDA zones 5 to 9.
Liberty apple trees are great for home gardeners who are short on space. This dwarf tree only grows up to 10-feet tall and up to 10-feet wide. The fruits are highly resistant to disease such as fire blight and powdery mildew. White flowers will grow on the tree in May and the fruits are ready for harvest in September.
Jonagold is a semi-dwarf apple tree that was created when the Jonathan apple tree was bred with the Golden Delicious tree. The apple trees will only grow up to 15-feet tall and approximately 15-feet wide. Like the Jonafree and Jonathan apple trees, the Jonagold also grows white blossoms in May and can be found in the USDA zones 5 to 8. The Jonagold is not able to resist diseases such as powdery mildew, and cedar apple rust.